Isolated Telephone Interface
(C) G. Forrest Cook 2002
This circuit allows you to record audio from a telephone line into
a tape recorder or computer soundcard.
Most of the parts for this circuit can be scrounged from an old modem,
with some work, it is possible to rewire the modem circuitry and use
the old modem case.
Note that some countries have laws that require
the user of a phone recording device to notify the party on the other end
of the line that they are being recorded.
There's not much to this circuit. The two RJ-11 jacks are set up to
feed the telephone circuit through from the wall to the phone.
The active signal for a single phone is on the red and green wires.
Yellow and black are usually used for a second phone line.
The 0.22uF capacitor blocks any DC current from flowing through the
transformer. The 4.7K resistor limits the current of the 90V ringing signal.
The transformer isolates the telephone side of the
circuit from the tape recorder side. The zener diodes
clamp the 90 volt ringing signal and other transient
spikes to protect your recorder. The 10K potentiometer is used to
adjust the level to the tape recorder.
Using two RJ-11 phone line jumpers, connect one side of the interface to
the wall plate and the other side to a telephone. Connect the audio out
to a tape recorder or PC sound card's auxilliary input. Set the recording
level and start recording.
It should also be possible to inject an audio signal into the audio output
jack and have it appear on the phone line, the level control should be all
the way up, drive the circuit from an amplifier that is capable of
running a small speaker.
2X RJ-11 phone Jacks
1X 0.22uF 200V capacitor
1X 4.7K 1/2W resistor
1X 600 ohm to 600 ohm modem transformer
2X 5V 1W zener diodes
1X 10K audio taper potentiometer
1X RCA audio jack
Suitable transformers are available from Digi-Key, Mouser, and Jameco.