5 Zone Alarm System
This is a complete alarm system with 5 independent zones suitable for a small
office or home environment. It uses just 3 CMOS IC's and features
a timed entry / exit zone, 4 immediate zones and a panic button. There
are indicators for each zone a "system armed" indicator. The schematic
is as follows:
Each zone uses a normally closed contact. These can be micro switches or standard alarm contacts (usually reed switches). Suitable switches can be bought from alarm shops
and concealed in door frames, or window ledges.
Zone 1 is a timed zone which must be used as the entry and exit point of the building. Zones 2 - 5 are immediate zones, which will trigger the alarm with no delay. Some RF immunity is provided for long wiring runs by the input capacitors, C1-C5. C7
and R14 also form a transient suppresser. The key switch acts as
the Set/Unset and Reset switch. For good security this should be the metal
type with a key.
At switch on, C6 will charge via R11, this acts as the
exit delay and is set to around 30 seconds. This can be altered by varying
either C6 or R11. Once the timing period has elapsed, LED6 will light,
meaning the system is armed. LED6 may be mounted externally (at the bell
box for example) and provides visual indication that the system has set.
Once set any contact that opens will trigger the alarm, including Zone
1. To prevent triggering the alarm on entry to the building, the concealed
re-entry switch must be operated. This will discharge C6 and start the
entry timer. The re-entry switch could be a concealed reed switch, located
anywhere in a door frame, but invisible to the eye. The panic switch, when
pressed, will trigger the alarm when set. Relay contacts RLA1 provide
the latch, RLA2 operate the siren or buzzer.